For my Docker adventures, I opted to install Docker Toolbox on my MacBook Pro running Yosemite. Even though Docker Toolbox includes VirtualBox, I had an existing VirtualBox installation so I used that to host my Docker Engine instance instead of using docker-machine in Toolbox. My decision was based on the fact that I wanted to be able to test Docker services running on different host OS’s like CentOS, Ubuntu, and CoreOS using the same client software on my MBP. So, I built an Ubuntu Server 16.04 VM and configured Vagrant to use that image.
Using Ubuntu 16.04 LTS for Docker Engine, or Why Is Service Control So Wonky?
One pitfall that I ran into when installing Docker services on my Ubuntu VM was that the default install uses a local socket instead of TCP for daemon access. Since I wanted to be able to communicate with Docker from other nodes on my home network, I needed to change the default startup configuration. As it turns out, this is annoyingly less than straightforward because of the inconsistent state of service configuration for systemd on my VM.
Systemd is the current framework for service controls on Ubuntu and other distros like CentOS. However, the implementation is relatively new and has some gotchas that required creating an alternative configuration to change the DOCKER_OPTS parameter which is the recommended way of controlling Docker service advertisement. In my case, I needed to do the following:
mkdir /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d vi /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/docker-tcp.conf
In docker-tcp.conf, I used this syntax to configure TCP communications with my Docker VM:
[Service] ExecStart= ExecStart=/usr/bin/docker daemon --host=tcp://192.168.0.50:2375 --host=fd://
where 192.168.0.50 is the exposed interface on my home network for the Docker Engine. To activate this configuration, I had to tell systemd to reload and restart my Docker instance:
systemctl daemon-reload systemctl restart docker
After this, I set the DOCKER_HOST environment variable on my client node
and was then able to connect to Docker Engine in the Ubuntu VM from my native OS X Docker client:
[rcrelia@fuji ~]$ export DOCKER_HOST=192.168.0.50:2375 [rcrelia@fuji ~]$ docker info Containers: 4 Running: 0 Paused: 0 Stopped: 4 Images: 3 Server Version: 1.12.2 Storage Driver: aufs Root Dir: /var/lib/docker/aufs Backing Filesystem: extfs Dirs: 24 Dirperm1 Supported: true Logging Driver: json-file Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs Plugins: Volume: local Network: overlay host null bridge Swarm: inactive Runtimes: runc Default Runtime: runc Security Options: apparmor seccomp Kernel Version: 4.4.0-43-generic Operating System: Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS OSType: linux Architecture: x86_64 CPUs: 1 Total Memory: 992.4 MiB Name: ubuntu ID: H3HJ:MMBL:4S3N:56X7:JW2P:AUC6:6XRT:UNV4:KS2Q:UNDM:JXJ3:5MSH Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker Debug Mode (client): false Debug Mode (server): false Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/ WARNING: No swap limit support Insecure Registries: 127.0.0.0/8 [rcrelia@fuji ~]$
At this point, I now have a working Docker Engine VM that is independent of the client software installed on my laptop via Docker Toolbox.